Inflation target

The Central Bank of Iceland's main objective is price stability, defined as a 12-month rise in the CPI (Consumer Price Index) of 2½%.

Tolerance limits
The aim is to keep the rate of inflation on average as close to the target as possible. If it deviates by more than 1½% in either direction, the Central Bank is obliged to present the Government with a report, which will be made public, explaining the reasons for the deviation from the target and the Bank's responses to the deviation. However, over the period 2001-2002 the upper tolerance limit was wider, at 3½% until the end of 2001 (corresponding to 6% inflation) and 2% until the end of 2002 (corresponding to 4½% inflation).

The Central Bank's main instrument for attaining its inflation target is the interest rate on its loans to the financial undertakings against collateral. The Bank can also buy or sell foreign currency in the interbank market with the aim of influencing the exchange rate of the króna and thereby domestic inflation.

Other objectives
The Central Bank's inflation target takes priority over other objectives. Nonetheless, the Bank is obliged to promote the government's policies insofar as they do not conflict with the inflation target. Furthermore, the Central Bank should undertake tasks, which are consistent with its central banking functions, such as maintaining the foreign reserve and promoting an effective and reliable financial system, including payments systems. Other tasks include the issue of notes and coin, regulation of foreign exchange markets, etc., cf. the provisions in legislation on the Bank.

The new framework for monetary policy, Monetary Bulletin 2001/2
Thórarinn G. Pétursson: Exchange rate or inflation targeting in monetary policy?, Monetary Bulletin 2000/1

InflationMore »

Consumer prices, 12-month changes. Last value: 2.1%
Inflation target 2.5%

CBI's interest ratesMore »
CBI's interest rates
Overnight 3.50%
Loans against collateral 2.50%
Current account 1.50%
Exchange rateMore »
Currency 7.4.2020 Ch. *
USD 142.69 -0.83%
GBP 175.78 -0.71%
CAD 101.8 -0.07%
DKK 20.8 -0.11%
NOK 13.97 1.90%
SEK 14.25 0.76%
CHF 146.68 -0.31%
JPY 1.31 -0.68%
EUR 155.3 -0.13%
* Changes from last entry
Exch. Rate IndicesMore »
Exchange Rate Indices 4/7/2020 Ch. *
Narrow trade index** 203.14 -0.13%
* Changes from last entry
** The index has been recalculated so that, on January 2, 2009, it was assigned a value equivalent to that of the now-discontinued Exchange Rate Index.
Other interest ratesMore »
Penalty rates from 1.4.2020 9.50%
O/N 1.300% 1.550%
S/W 1.500% 1.750%
1 M 1.663% 2.038%
3 M 1.925% 2.425%
1 Y 2.200% 2.700%

© 2002 Central Bank of Iceland - All rights reserved
Address: Kalkofnsvegi 1, 150 Reykjavik - E-mail:
Tel.: (354) 569 9600 - Telefax: (354) 569 9605